COVID-19: All you need to know (Meaning, Symptoms, Prevention, and Myths)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 was discovered in 2019 and has not been previously identified in humans. It is spread from one person to another by small droplets from the nose or mouth.

Symptoms: Common symptoms include respiratory symptoms, fever, and cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.


  • Regularly and thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds
  • Maintain at least 1-meter (3 feet) distance between anyone who is coughing or sneezing
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth & cover them your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Dispose tissue immediately after use
  • Stay home if you feel unwell

Debunking COVID-19 Myths

Myth #1: Cold weather kills novel coronavirus

Truth: The WHO says there is “no reason to believe cold weather can kill the new coronavirus,” or other diseases

Myth #2: COVID-19 cannot be transmitted in hotter, more humid climates

Truth: COVID-19 can be transmitted anywhere, regardless of how hot or humid the air is.

Myth #3: Coronavirus can be transmitted through mosquito bites

Truth: From the World Health Organization, “there has been no information nor evidence to suggest that the new coronavirus could be transmitted by mosquitoes.”

Myth #4: Thermal scanners can detect everyone who is infected with coronavirus

Truth: Thermal scanners, like thermometers, can detect people who have above normal body temperature due to infection from COVID-19. But not everyone who is infected with the coronavirus has a fever yet. According to the WHO, “it takes between 2 and 10 days before people who are infected become sick and develop a fever.”

Myth #5: Spraying alcohol and chlorine all over yourself kills the coronavirus

Truth: This will not cure you of COVID-19 if it has already entered your body. Spraying alcohol and chlorine all over your body can be harmful if it gets into your eyes or mouth. The World Health Organization says they both can be used to disinfect surfaces, however.

Myth #6: Getting a pneumonia vaccine protects against COVID-19

Truth: According to the WHO, “Vaccines against pneumonia, such as pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenza type B vaccine, do not provide protection against the new coronavirus.” COVID-19 is a respiratory infection, yes, but it requires its own vaccine, which is in the testing phase right now.

Myth #7: Rinsing your nose and gargling with saline solution helps prevent COVID-19 infection

Truth: The World Health Organization says there is some evidence that regularly rinsing your nose with saline can help you get over the common cold more quickly. But this does not apply to COVID-19 and other respiratory infections. The same applies to gargling with a saline solution.

Myth #8: Eating garlic helps prevent COVID-19 infection

Truth: There is no scientific evidence that eating garlic prevents you from being infected with the novel coronavirus. However, according to the National Institutes of Health, it does have some antimicrobial properties.

Myth #9: The coronavirus only affects older people, not younger ones

Truth: The World Health Organization says people of all ages need to take steps to protect themselves from COVID-19. The best ways are frequent hand washing, the use of hand sanitizer, and social distancing. However, people who are older are more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the new coronavirus. People with preexisting conditions are also at an increased risk for more severe complications, such as people with heart disease, diabetes, and lung disease.

Myth #10: Antibiotics prevent and treat COVID-19

Truth: Antibiotics are used to fight bacteria, not viruses, which is what COVID-19 is.

During this COVID-19 pandemic, we urge everyone to remain calm and make sure to practice hand hygiene every day, use hand sanitizers, maintain social distancing, and avoid touching your nose, eyes, and mouth.

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